The peanut must be dug up when ripe, just like with any other root crops. Typically, the whole plant is lifted with peanuts attached. After that, the fruits are dried and preserved.
For roasting variations, it takes 130 to 150 days after planting to harvest peanuts, while for boiling varieties it takes 90 to 110 days. Peanuts can typically be harvested in the fall as the leaves start to turn yellow. To be assured about the timing of the peanut harvest, pull a plant and inspect the pods before gathering the entire crop. The best way to know when to dig up peanuts is by looking at the pods.
The pods should be nearly full of peanuts. The peanuts are too old for boiling, but they are still acceptable for dry roasting if the interior of the pod is dark in color. If the plants have mostly ʟᴏsᴛ their leaves or the peanut hulls aren’t firmly attached to the plant, harvest the peanuts right away.
Peanut harvesting involves two steps. First, a farmer moves a device known as a digger along the rows of peanuts. The peanut plant is raised by the digger, turned upside down, and then placed back in the row. The farmer uses another device known as a shaker or picker to separate the peanut pods from the remainder of the plant after the peanuts have dried for a few days.
Let’s take a look at How To Harvest Peanut On Farm With Machines in the video below:
Source: Noal Farm
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