Logs are chopped into timber at a sawmill, also known as a lumber mill. In modern sawmills, logs are lengthwise sᴀᴡᴇd to produce long pieces and crosscut to length depending on standard or custom sizes. The portable sawmill is easy to use. The log is laid flat and cut horizontally as the operator physically runs the powered saw along the length of the steel bed. The simplest sawmill makes use of a specifically made jig and a horizontal motion similar to a chainsaw.
Before the introduction of the sawmill, boards were created by a variety of hand processes, including hewing, riving, and hand sawing, which was often done by two men using a whipsaw, one above and one below in a saw pit. The first known mechanical mill is the Hierapolis Sawmill, a stone mill powered by RO water that was constructed in Hierapolis, Asia Minor, in the third century AD. Other water-powered mills then began to appear, and by the 11th century, they had spread throughout North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. Over the following centuries, they gradually migrated throughout the entirety of Europe.
The construction of railroads made it possible to transport logs to mills rather than constructing mills ᴄʟᴏsᴇ to navigable rivers. By 1900, the Atlantic Lumber Company in Georgetown, South Carolina ran the biggest sawmill in the world, using logs from the Appalachian Mountains that were floated down the Pee Dee River. This trend has been hastened by the development of electricity and modern technology in the 20th century, and the majority of sawmills today are huge, pricey businesses where the majority of the labor is computerized.
Modern sawmills operate in a largely unchanged fashion from earlier generations, only more effectively. To produce the finished product, the lumber is put through automated mill procedures that clean and smooth it out. Modern sawmills employ automation to boost productivity. With the help of this technology, timber from front-end loggers can be ready on-demand for the tail-end market.
Let’s take a look inside modern wood sawmills in the video below:
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