Potatoes may be cultivated practically anywhere, excepting saline or alkaline soils. Loamy and sandy loams with a high organic content, appropriate drainage, and aeration are the greatest types of soil. Given that they are inherently loose soils, they have the lowest resistance to tuber enlargement. Soil should have a pH range of 5.2 to 6.4.
After being taken out of cold storage, the tuber needs to be kept in a cool, shady area for one to two weeks in order to encourage sprouting. Tubers can be treated with gibberellic acid (1g/lit of water) to guarantee consistent sprouting, which can then be dried in the shade and stored in a cold place for 10 days. To prevent rotting, immerse tubers in a 0.5 percent Mancozeb solution for 10 minutes.
The recommended potato plant spacing is 50 to 60 cm, and the seeding density is 1.40 kilograms per square meter (10 meters). To maintain the soil’s aeration, warmth, and moisture content, earth up is finished. To ensure optimal tuber production, the earth is screwed up around the base of the plant once it has reached a height of 15-20 cm. Two weeks following the first earthing process is a possible timeframe for the second one.
Potato crops may need to be watered frequently depending on the amount of soil moisture. Total irrigations ranged from five to six: one before sowing, one after three to four days, and two light irrigations in between. Before harvest, irrigation must be stopped 10 to 12 days in advance.
Remove the potato vines two weeks prior to harvesting to make harvesting simpler. A spading fork, a plow, or commercial potato harvesters that dig up the plant and shake or blow the soil away from the tubers are used to harvest potatoes, depending on how much is being produced. It is essential to avoid bruising and other injuries during harvesting since they serve as entry points for infections that develop during storage.
Let’s watch Potato Cultivation And Harvest With Modern Farming Techniques in the video below:
Source: Complete Agriculture
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