The Railway Technical Research Institute and the Central Jᴀᴘᴀɴ Railway Company began to cooperate in the 1970s to create the SCMaglev. The operation of maglev trains is based on the magnetic attraction of the moving objects to the rail. The term “maglev” is essentially a combination of the words “magnetic” and “levitation.” The train is magnetically levitated, or made to “float,” using an electrodynamic suspension system, or EDS.
For many years, the Maglev trains have been breaking world speed records. The fastest train in the world, the SCMaglev (superconducting maglev) in Jᴀᴘᴀɴ, can travel at up to 600 km/h. Six commercial Maglev train systems are currently operational throughout the globe. One is in Jᴀᴘᴀɴ, two are in Sᴏᴜᴛʜ Kᴏʀᴇᴀ, and three are in Cʜɪɴᴀ. In comparison, the SCMaglev MagLev train from Jᴀᴘᴀɴ is quite superior and performs better than the other trains. It is referred to as the “fastest train” because it travels at more than 600 km/h.
Two sets of cross-connected metal coils are twisted into a “figure eight” shape inside the rails, or guideways, to create the electromagnets. The train itself is equipped with superconducting bogies, which are superconducting electromagnets. When the train comes to a stop, its wheels are on the ground. On these wheels, the train gently begins to move in order to allow the magnets underneath it to make contact with those of the guideway.
Once the train reaches 150 kilometers per hour (93 miles per hour), the magnetic force is strong enough to lift it 100 millimeters (4 inches) off the ground, removing friction and allowing ever-higher speeds. The same magnetic forces that lift the train also drive it forward and maintain its center of gravity within the guideway. Thanks to the same technology that Tesla’s Hyperloop employs, the ride is comfortable and the train is extremely safe.
Know more about SCMaglev by watching the video below:
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