The process for building a tunnel is influenced by a number of variables, including the state of the ground and groundwater, the size and diameter of the tunnel drive, the depth of the tunnel, the logistics of supporting the excavation, the intended use, the shape of the tunnel, and appropriate ʀɪsᴋ management. An aspect of underground construction is tunnel construction. Therefore, choosing the right equipment becomes crucial.
Although tunnel building is typically expensive, it often saves time and is comfortable. For the construction of a tunnel, extensive excavation of rock, soil, etc. is required. Excavation and backfilling have been simpler thanks to the accessibility of contemporary equipment. Roadways, railroads, and even rivers can all use tunnels. Underground metro rail systems operate in tunnels in numerous cities.
A tunnel is a largely horizontal passageway found underground or underwater. Pipelines or ones with relatively small diameters are used to convey utility lines. There are often two or three broad, parallel corridors for opposing-direction traffic, service vehicles, and emergency evacuation routes in tunnels that transport people by rail or by car.
One of the trickiest tasks in the field of civil engineering is building a tunnel. Governments have recognized tunnel engineers as heroes and several tunnels are regarded as technological wonders.
Let’s watch World’s Amazing Modern Tunnelling Construction Technology in the video below:
Source: Machinery Magazine
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